What is Hypothyroidism?

The thyroid gland is the butterly-shaped gland that sits low on the front of neck below and behind your Adam’s apple. It secretes thyroid hormones which are responsible for metabolism, growth and development, and body temperature.

Most important hormones secreted by the thyroid are T3 (triiodothryronine) and T4 (thyroxine). If your thyroid is functioning at full capacity then 80% of the hormone produced is T4 and 20% will be T3. In our body, T4 is converted to T3.

T3 is considered the more biologically active of the two hormones and is several times stronger than T4.

TSH (thyroid stimulating hormone) is a hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to secrete T3 and T4.

Hypothyrodism is a condition in which there is a low production of thyroid hormones due to under active thyroid gland. Your physician can identify the reasons for this condition by performing lab tests.

Symptoms of hypothyrodism include:

-Fatigue – Poor memory

-Intolerance of cold temperature – Depression

-Low heart rate – Stiffness of muscles/Pain

-Weight gain – Constipation

-Reduced appetite – Dry skin

-Elevated blood cholesterol – Irregular menstrual periods

Treatment of hypothyrodism includes replacement of the thyroid hormones T4 and T3.

Typically, many physicians treat patients with T4 only (products like Levoxyl or Synthroid) since it is converted to T3 in our body.

The disadvantage of commercially available thyroid replacement products is that they are all “immediate- release” tablets.

Naturally dessicated T4/T3 (Armour thyroid) and T3 (Cytomel) dissolve quickly in the stomach and release all of the medication in the blood stream in a short time.

In significant number of patients with “normal” TSH levels, they still experience classic hypothyroidism symptoms listed above. These patients have thyroid hormone resistance or an impaired ability to convert T4 to T3.
Some doctors are finding that the best way to treat these patients is with slow release T3 alone, or in combination with a reduced dosage of T4.

Specially formulated slow release thyroid capsules are available from compounding pharmacy and come in variety of strengths. They are prepared by pharmacists under strict guidelines to ensure good quality.
The slow release thyroid capsules are made by blending active thyroid ingredients with a special filler-methylcellulose (E4M). This allows the thyroid hormone to be released slowly into the bloodstream.
Compounded thyroid products are lactose-free and contain no dyes or food colorings. They are vegetable based (no animal gelatin).
Consult with your prescriber to see if thyroid hormones are right for you.

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